I learnt that there are two ways of using incense. One is to mix several ingredients together to create unique fragrances, the other is to import natural fragrant wood. This is seen as a transient act and was used by samurai society at tea ceremonies. Incense pillows were often used to make kimonos and hair fragrant, and even incense games (Kumiko) were popular. Participants took turns in smelling incense and had to guess the incense material.
Painting also incorporated the art of "fragrance listening" where the image evoked a certain smell, such as a flower, fragrant trees, a beautiful woman, or even soil and rain.